Alexander and the State Council: Bureaucracy and Counter-Reform in Late Imperial Russia

By: Whelan, Heide W.

Price: $10.00

Quantity: 1 available

Book Condition: Near Fine

First edition. A very nice copy. 1982 Hard Cover. 258 pp. In a society supposedly ruled by an autocratic Tsar, who actually governed? Heide Whelan looks at one critical and influential institution, the State Council - the consultative legislative organ of the autocracy - and finds that this collection of bureaucrats had interests and views of their own often at odds with those of Alexander III. By 1881, when Alexander became Tsar, the State Council was composed of specialists and experts in various fields, men educated and trained for their bureaucratic positions as, in many cases, their fathers had been. They were professionals - in law, finance, education - who were committed to the reforms of the 1860s, and whose training and service experience played a far more significant role in late nineteenth-century Russia than did wealth or lineage. They were in a sense a new breed. Whelan traces the course of the negotiations between the Tsar, his close personal advisors (Katkov, Pobedonostsev, and Meshcherskii), and the State Council on such matters of major concern as the reorganization of the judiciary, the land-captain issue, and the restructuring of the institutions of local self - government. In all cases, Alexander wanted to do away with aspects of the reforms of the 1860s, whereas the council members wanted the continuation or increase of the rational and bureaucratic structures that those reforms encouraged. The Tsar respected the laws and norms, even as he adored the bureaucrats; the Council was fussy about bureaucratic order and procedure. There we no battles between them. Alexander would not ignore the Council, and the Council would not, in any really important issue of state, defy the convictions of the Tsar. Each could thwart the other; neither could govern. The problem of finding an institutional base that could accommodate both an autocratic system and a rational bureaucracy was not to find its solution under the old regime.

Title: Alexander and the State Council: Bureaucracy and Counter-Reform in Late Imperial Russia

Author: Whelan, Heide W.

Categories: Russian, Modern First Editions,

Edition: First Edition

Publisher: Rutgers University Press: 1982

ISBN Number: 0813509424

ISBN Number 13: 9780813509426

Binding: Hard Cover

Book Condition: Near Fine

Jacket Condition: Near Fine

Seller ID: 2285411