Below the Convergence: Voyages Towards Antarctica, 1699-1839

By: Gurney, Alan

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First printing. Wrappers very lightly rubbed, ink name on blurb page, pages lightly toned, faint smell of smoke. 1997 Trade Paperback. 315 pp. The Tantalising theory of a huge southern continent, Terra Australis Incognita, had haunted the imaginations of countless geographers throughout history. Not until the second of his great voyages in 1773 did James Cook finally lay the theory to rest. This wonderfully written book tells the story of British, American and Russian expeditions, from the astronomers Halley's voyage in the Paramore in 1699 to the sealer John Balleny's 1839 voyage in the Eliza Scott, all in search of land, fur or elephant seals. These were voyages for science, national prestige and profit. Life was incredibly harsh: crews had poor provisions and inadequate clothing and were constantly threatened by scurvy. Often they had their own charts as they sailed in the stormy waters of the Southern Ocean below the convergence. that sea frontier marking the boundary between the freezing Antarctic waters and the warmer sub-Antarctic seas. These seamen were the first to discover and exploit a new continent, which was not the verdant southern island they imagined but an inhospitable expanse of rock and ice, ringed by pack ice and icebergs-Antarctica.

Title: Below the Convergence: Voyages Towards Antarctica, 1699-1839

Author: Gurney, Alan

Categories: History, Biography, Nautical & Exploration, Geology, Polar Expeditions,

Edition: 1st Printing

Publisher: Penguin Books: 1997

ISBN Number: 0140272607

ISBN Number 13: 9780140272604

Binding: Trade Paperback

Book Condition: Very Good

Seller ID: 2271940

Keywords: ALAN GURNEYVOYAGES ANTARCTICA ADVENTURE TRAVEL NAUTICAL POLAR EXPEDITION EXPLORATION 1699-1839 NATURAL HISTORY SCIENCE,